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Amaltas: Cassia fistula

Expels the aggravated Doshas out of the body

Manages all types of discomforts in the heart region

Ignites digestive fire and makes one feeling hungry

Cleanses the digestive tract off deposited fecal matter

Induces Soft purgation

Common Name:
Purging Cassia (Eng.)

 Sanskrit Name:

  • Aragvadha - Means a plant that alleviates all the diseases
  • Rajvriksha - A fascinating tree
  • Shampaka - A plant which is always beneficial for mankind
  • Chaturangula
  • Aarevata - That removes all the toxins from the body
  • Vyadhighata - That keeps the diseases away from the body
  • Kritamala - As it is having the garlands of flowers
  • Suvarnaka - The plant having a pleasant complexion
  • Dirghaphala - The plant having long fruits
  • Swarnabhushana - The plant having yellow flowers those appear to be made up of gold

Lt. Name:
Cassia fistula - Leguminosae

 Bio Energetics:

  • Rasa (Taste) - Madhura (Sweet)
  • Guna (Characteristics) - Guru (Heavy); Mridu (Soft in action); Snigdha(Unctuous)
  • Virya(Potency) - Sheeta (Cool and calm)
  • Vipaka (Post digestion effect) - Madhura (Sweet)

Chemical composition of Amaltas:

The leaves of Cassia fistula contain freerhein, glucoside and sennosides A and B. A butanol extract of the powdered stembark contained tannins while the benzeme extract yielded lupeol, ?-sitosteroland hexacosanol. From the alcoholic extract of the pods an anthraquinone(fistulic acid) is obtained and identified as 1, 4-dihydroxy-6, 7-dimethoxy, 2-methylanthraquinone-3-carboxylicAcid. Kaempferol and a proanthocyanidin are isolated from the flowers andleucope-largonidin trimer from the bark.

Effect of  Amaltas on Tridoshas:

It is useful in management of diseases resulting from the aggravation of any of the Dosha. It pacifies the aggravated Vata within the body while the aggravated Kapha and Pitta are expelled out of the Body.

Therapeutic Uses of in Ayurveda:

  • Sramsana - Amaltas expels the aggravated Doshas out of the body
  • Jwaranuta - Amaltas is useful in management of any type of fever
  • Hrudaroganuta - Amaltas manages all types of discomforts in the heart region
  • Udavartanuta - Amaltas relieves from all gaseous discomforts in the digestive system
  • Shoolanuta -Amaltas manages all types of pains in the abdomen specially related to digestive system.
  • Ruchyam - Amaltas ignites digestive fire and makes one feeling hungry
  • Koshtha shuddhikara - Amaltas cleanses the digestive tract off deposited fecal matter
  • Mridu Virechana - Amaltas induces Soft purgation

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Amaltas Capsules 60capsules
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Medicinal value of Amaltas:

  • Anti-bacterial activity was found in the leaves, stem bark and fruit pulp, the last being the most potent. The ether extract of the pulp exhibited the maximum activity, and in vitro, the extract inhibited the growth of Staph aureus, Staph albus, B.megatherium, Sh. flexneri, Sh. shiga and S. typhi.The extract was found to bemore potent than chloramphenicol.
  • The ether extract of leaves also showed activity against Staph aurous and Staph albui.
  • Alcohol and acetone extracts of stem bark of Amaltas were found active against Staph. aureuy, Staph.xAlbum and B. inegathmum.
  • In vitro, 100 mg of acetone extract of root and stem bark showed-anti fungal action against T.tonsurans, T. rubrum and T.megnini and was more potent than 16g of griscofulyin.
  • Two flavonoidglycoside fractions isolated from the acetone extract of the root bark also possessed marked anti fungal activity against M. gypseum T. mentagrophytes T.rubrum and T. tonsurans.
  • Amaltas has been shown to possess antiviral activity against Vaccinia and Newcastle isease viruses. The extracts inhibited the cytopathy of most viruses and also their replication in the cells of the host.
  • The fruit pulp of Amaltas has laxative activity.

Useful part of Amaltas:
Flowers; Leaves; Pods; Bark of roots 

Doses of Amaltas:
Pods - 5-10 gm (To pacify the aggravated Doshas within the body) 10-20 gm (To induce mild purgation); Decoction of Bark of roots - 50-100 ml; Flowers - 5-10 gm;

Some combinations with Amaltas:
Aragwadadi Tail; Aragwadadi leha; Aragwadarishta etc.

Some important notes about Amaltas:

  •  Amaltas is the best amongst the plants useful for mild purgation.

(Charaka Samhita)

  • The therapeutic power of Amaltas gets lowered with boiling so as far as possible it should be taken as cold or hot infusion.
  • The great sage Charaka has categorized Amaltas as kusthaghna - anti dermatoses, kandughna - anti pruritic and also as recana - laxative.
  • Vagbhatta has mentioned Amaltas as samsamana-pacifies Kapha Dosha


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