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Ayurvedic Herbs 

Increasing understanding of the natural phenomenon has enabled us to identify the ideal conditions for herbs to grow and give a good yield to fulfill the increasing requirements of these herbs. But at the same time we forget that the Mother Nature is more intelligent than us. It has blessed different parts of earth with some specific peculiarities and all herbs don't grow in all areas, is also indicating that there is some influence of the environmental conditions of that area on the herb. How much favorable environment we may create, we can not create that influence and add the healing power to the herb. Believing this we are resourcing all our herbs from their natural habitat.
 
 
 
 
 
Name of Herb
Botanical Name
Medicinal Uses
Agar Wood 
Aquilaria agallocha
Agar wood is valued highly for the volatile oils found in it. It nourishes the skin, eyes and ears; and very useful in all diseases affecting these organs.  It works well in non healing wounds and also possesses aphrodisiac and anti oxidant properties.
Akarkara 
Anacyclus pyrethrum
Akarkara is especially useful for its aphrodisiac properties. It strengthens the body physically as well as psychologically. Studies have proved its anti oxidant, aphrodisiac, anti depressant, immune stimulating and anti seizures properties.
Ajmoda
Carum roxburghianum
Ajmoda is useful against diseases of the digestive tract and fever. Where unclean tap water can result in arbitrary complications, ajmoda often comes to the traveler's rescue. Just chew on spoonful of the fruits for a few minutes and wash down with hot water; and Thymol is used in medicines against cough and throat irritation. 
Ajwain
Trachyspermum ammi 
Ajwain helps in curing the disorders such as ulcers, ringworm, itching, stomach worm, bile, menstrual and post-natal disorders, leucorrhoea, female infertility, pimples, kidney stones and many more, and also useful as an aphrodisiac.
Amahaldi 
Curcuma amada 
Amahaldi specially nourishes the skin and purifies blood from all types of toxins. It is recommended in all types of itching problems irrespective etiologic factors. It corrects the metabolism, normalizes cholesterol level and works well in inflammatory conditions and diabetes. 
Amalaki
Embellica officinalis
The fruit allegedly contains 720 mg of vitamin C per 100 g of fresh fruit pulp, or up to 900 mg per 100 g of pressed juice. Apart from this it also contains tannins; a reason why even dried form retains most of the vitamin content. The Charaka Samhita says, "Amalaki is the best among rejuvenative herbs."
Amaltas
Cassia fistula 
The great sage Charaka has categorized Amaltas as kusthaghna - anti dermatoses, kandughna - anti pruritic and also as recana - laxative. It also possesses antiviral activity against Vaccinia and Newcastle disease viruses. The extracts inhibited the cytopathy of most viruses and also their replication in the cells of the host
 Anantmool
Hemidesmus indicus 
Root and stem of Anatmool are laxative, diaphoretic, diuretic and useful in treatment of syphilis and leucoderma. Alone roots are useful in hemicrania, joint pains and syphilis whereas stem is good in treatment of brain, lever and kidney related diseases. It is also useful in treatment of gleet, urinary discharges, uterine complaints, paralysis, cough, asthma etc.
 Apamarga
Achyranthus aspera 
It has been found that Kshar Sutra Ligation (KSL) is the treatment of choice in patients who have already been subjected to repeated non-operative procedures like RBL, Sclerotherapy but again show up in OPD with persistent haemorrhoidal symptoms. RBL has the distinct advantages of being an OPD procedure, thus obviating the need for hospitalization and requires no anesthesia. Postoperative pain is significantly lesser. Time spent off work by the patient is also significantly lesser as compared to KSL. 
Arjuna
Terminalia arjuna
Terminalia arjuna exhibit cardio-protective because of the antioxidant nature of several of the constituent flavonoids and oligomeric proanthocyanidins, while positive inotropic effects may be caused by the saponin glycosides.
Ashoka
Saraca
asoca
The bark is reported to have a stimulating effect on the endometrium and ovarian tissue and is useful in menorrhagia due to uterine fibroids, in leucorrhea and in internal bleeding. It is useful in all cases of uterine bleeding where ergot is indicated.                  
Ashwagandha
Withania somnifera
Research on Ashwagandha has concluded that extracts of the plant has a direct spermatogenic influence on the seminiferous tubules of immature rats presumably by exerting a testosterone-like effect.
Ativisha
Aconitum heterophylum 
Ativisha is drug of choice for all pediatric diseases. It corrects the digestive system and helps in removing the digestive wastes from the body. Ativisha has proven efficacy as Antimalarial, Analgesic and ante-inflammatory, Anti diabetic, Anti-emetic; as an anodyne in neuralgia and rheumatism. It is very useful in the region of cerebral nerve; a good aphrodisiac; as an anthelmintic, a diuretic; for stomach troubles and diarrhea and as narcotic.
Babool 
Acacia arabica
Babool is specially recommended for oral hygiene. It is used for gargling and for cleansing the teeth. It is very effective in bleeding disorders like bleeding diarrhea and excessive bleeding during menstrual cycles. It also possesses anti diabetic and anti microbial properties. 
Bahera
Terminalia bellerica
The effect of T. bellerica, was evaluated in experimentally-induced hypercholesterolemia and atherosclerosis in rabbits.  T. bellerica was shown to reduce the levels of lipids in hypercholesterolemic animals, and promoted a significant decrease in liver and heart lipids
 Bakuchi
Psoralia corylifolia 
Psoralea corylifolia L. has been used in Chinese and Indian traditional medicine for the treatment of various inflammatory diseases of the skin and to improve vitality. Our data show that the extract obtained from the seeds of Psoralea corylifolia L. decreased mitochondrial complex I and proteasome activities; and oxidative stress might be an early event.
Bakula
Mimusops
 elengi
M. elengi possess calcium blocking property so it can be used in management of hypertension. It helps in the management of gastric ulcers by decrease gastric acid secretory activity along with strengthening of mucosal defensive mechanisms.
Bala
Sida
cordifolia
Research has demonstrated that Sida cordfolia can increase pain tolerance.  When rats were exposed to heat, rats that consumed Sida cordifolia had a greater heat tolerance. It also appears to have anti-inflammatory properties and may be effective as an antioxidant. 
Bharangi
Clerodendrum serratum 
Bharangi is recommended for rheumatism and all other joint problems as it pacifies the Vata Dosha specially. Because of its anti rheumatic property it is also useful in removing toxins from the body and thus benefits in Asthmatic conditions. It corrects the digestive system and the respiratory systems as well. 
 Bhringraj
Eclipta alba 
Bhringraj rejuvenates the hair; revitalizes skin and improves complexion. It also has diuretic, hypotensive, and hypocholesterolemic and helps in the alleviating oxidative stress-induced complications in hypertensives.
Bhumyamalaki
Phyllanthus niruri
Phyllanthus blocks DNA polymerase, the enzyme needed for the hepatitis B virus to reproduce. In one study, 59% of those infected with chronic viral hepatitis B lost one of the major blood markers of HBV infection (e.g. hepatitis B surface antigen) after using Phyllanthus for 30 days.      
Bilva
Aegle
marmelos
Oral administration of the water extract of Aegle marmelos results in significant reductions in blood glucose, plasma thiobarbituric acid reactive substances, hydroperoxides, ceruloplasmin and ?-tocopherol and a significant elevation in plasma reduced glutathione and Vitamin C in diabetics. 
Brahmi
Centella
asiatica
Gotu kola is a mild adaptogen, is mildly antibacterial, anti-viral, anti-inflammatory. anti-ulcerogenic, anxiolytic, a cerebral tonic, a circulatory stimulant, a diuretic, nervine and vulnerary.          
Chakramarda 

Cassia tora

Chakramarda is the drug of choice for ring worm infestation. It is also useful in removing the unwanted fat and other toxins from the body. It nourishes the skin and eyes. Researchers have proven its anti microbial, anti oxidant, and hepatoprotective properties.

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Chandrashoor

Lepidium sativum

Chandrashoor is among the best nutritive Ayurveda herbs. It promotes proper union of fractured bones and also strengthens the bones. In improves physical strength of a fellow. It works well in hiccough, asthma and digestive disturbances.

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 Chavya
 Piper retrofractum

Chavya ignites the digestive fire in stomach and thus increase metabolism of body. Chavya stimulates functioning of liver. Chavya is useful in hemorrhoids. Chavya is very useful in absence of taste in mouth. According to Bhav Prakash Mishra” For management of hemorrhoids Chavya Powder should be taken with Pippali powder.”

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 Chirayata
Swertia chirayita 

The astringent flavor of chiretta sets of an impulsive response that promotes the production of saliva and gastric enzymes. This reflex reaction owing to the use of the herb not only stops nausea (queasiness), but also helps to cure indigestion, bloating and hiccups. In addition, chiretta also encourages the secretion of bile that promotes digestion as well as improves appetite. Chirayata is a valuable bitter tonic. It is laxative and an appetizer. It also corrects the disordered process of nutrition and restores the normal function of the system. Chirayatra is an effective drug for reducing fevers. 

 Chitrakmool
Plumbago zeylanica 

According to Charaka Samhita; Chitrakmool is the best amongst the Ayurveda herbs which ignite digestive fire, ensure proper digestion and assimilation; edema in anal region and pain associated with hemorrhoids. Astanga Hrudya says; if a person takes Chitrakmool powder with Ghruta/ Ghruta + Honey / milk/ water for at least one month; He will live a healthy life for hundred years.  Chitrakmool powder should be taken with Takra (Indian butter milk) to get rid of hemorrhoids and other disorders of anal region.

Chopchini
Smilax china
Chopchini is very beneficial in Vata diseases. It is also proven in syphilis. Chopchini Powder should be taken with honey in syphilis. Salt intake should be totally avoided during this period. It corrects the digestive system and helps in proper elimination of faeces and toxins through urine. Researchers have proven the anti diabetic property of Chopchini. 
 Dalchini
Cinnamomum zeylanicum 

Dalchini is useful in management of itching of any etiology. Dalchini digests the Aama and alleviates anorexia. Dalchini is useful in management of heart problems. Dalchini is useful in all diseases of urinary system. Use of Dalchini is recommended in hemorrhoids. Dalchini is useful in respiratory discomfort and running nose. Dalchini improves quality and quantity of sperms. Dalchini improves complexion of skin.

Dantimool
Baliospermum montanum 
Dantimool helps in proper excretion of unwanted fluids from the body. It corrects the working of the urinary system; benefits in kidney stones. Dantimool also corrects the digestive system, ensure proper evacuation of feces and is beneficial therapeutically as well as for prevention in hemorrhoids. 
Daruharidra
Berberis
aristata
Berberine has marked antibacterial effects. Since it is not appreciably absorbed by the body, it is used orally in the treatment of various enteric infections, especially bacterial dysentery. The dried extract of the roots is used as an application in eyes. It is also    an excellent medication in the case of sun-blindness.                        
Devadaru
Cedrus deodara
Devadaru possesses multidimensional health benefits. It is corrects the digestive system in all aspects and also supports the metabolism at tissue level. It helps in proper excretion of unwanted fluids from the body by correcting the functioning of urinary system. It is also beneficial in cough and respiratory distress. Researchers have proven that Devadaru possesses Antioxidant, Antiinflammatory, Antispasmodic and Anti Hyperlipidemic properties. 
 Dhania
Coriandrum sativum
Dhania is an important constituent of Indian spices. It corrects the working of digestive, urinary systems and nourishes the heart and circulatory system. It cleanses all the nutritive channels of body. It has been proven that Dhania possesses anti diabetic, anti hypelipidemic, anti anxiety and anti oxidant properties. 
Elaichi 
Elettaria cardamomum
Elaichi is mostly used for its aromatic property. Its aroma helps in correcting the digestive system, respiratory system and heart. It also possesses anti inflammatory, anti oxidant, anti hypertensive and nourishing properties. 
 Ghritkumari
Aloe Vera 

In addition to topical use in wound or burn healing, internal intake of Aloe vera has been linked with improved blood glucose levels in diabetics, and with lower blood lipids in hyperlipidaemic patients, but also with acute hepatitis (liver disease). Ghritkumari is rejuvenating tonic for eyes.  Ghritkumari specially nourishes the genital organs; so even an old person also enjoys his sexual life like a young fellow when he is taking Ghritkumari.  

Gokshura
Tribulus terrestris
It is claimed that Tribulus terrestris increases testosterone by increasing gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) which in turn stimulates the production of LH and follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH). Testosterone, besides its role in muscle-building and raising fertility and libido, is also known to have a positive effect on bone marrow activity (for red blood cell production) and the immune system.           
 Gorakhmundi
Sphaeranthus indicus 

In migraine and pain in half head Gorakhmundi should be taken with Maricha Churna at least for one week.  Gorakhmundi is a nervine rejuvenator herb. Gorakhmundi is useful in abnormal growth in any part of the body. Gorakhmundi is useful in management of seizures and epilepsy. Gorakhmundi is useful in inflammation and edema of foot like in filariasis or elephantitis.  Gorakhmundi is useful in enlargement of spleen.

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Gudhal
Hibiscus rosa sinensis
Gudhal possesses cold potency because of that it is beneficial in psychological up downs, too much bleeding during menstruation, in excessive hair fall, and digestive disturbances. Gudhal is also a good contraceptive so you should avoid Gudhal intake if you are planning for a baby or you are pregnant. 
Guduchi
Tinospora cordifolia
Modern research shows Guduchi to be a strong immuno-stimulant with very food anti-cytotoxic effects. The use of Guduchi helps to reduce effects of these toxic cancer-fighting drugs, and with its immune-promoting qualities, could even prevent cancer. Other studies show the ability to lower blood sugar in diabetic animals. Another study shoes it to be effective in reducing rheumatic complications. Guduchi is an excellent herb to take as an immune booster and general tonic. 
Guggulu
Commiphora mukul
Guggulu is a well known plant for its cholesterol lowering action. In Ayurveda it is mainly used to scrap out the toxic substances, which aggravate Vata causing arthritis like conditions.                    
 Gurmar
Gymnema sylvestre 

The principle constituent of Gurmar  is gymnemic acid, which has anti-diabetic properties. It diminishes excessive blood sugar. Gurmar has also been shown to have a regenerative effect on pancreatic beta cells and is insulinotropic (that which stimulates or affects the production and activity of insulin). Gurmar helps decrease the craving for sugar. It temporarily abolishes the taste of sugar and helps neutralize excessive sugar present in the body in diabetes mellitus. Gurmar possesses anti-allergic, antiviral, lipid lowering and other effects. Gurmar blocked sugar in the digestive system, resulting in a decrease in blood sugar. This is known as a hypoglycemic effect. This action has been studied since the late 1930s.

Hadjod
Cissus quadrangularis
Hadjod strengthens the bones so it is very useful during the growing age as well as in old age. During growing age it works for the formation of strong bones while during old age it minimizes the age related decay and deterioration. Hadjod also helps in proper union of bones in fracture. Hadjod corrects the lipid metabolism and strengthens the muscles also. 
Haridra
Curcuma
longa
A 2004 UCLA-Veterans Affairs study involving genetically altered mice suggests that curcumin, the active ingredient in turmeric, might inhibit the accumulation of destructive beta amyloids in the brains of Alzheimer's disease patients and also breaks up existing plaques.            
Haritaki
Terminalia chebula
Haritaki is the drug of choice for rejuvenation for all the seasons. This is called as the "Ritu Haritaki". In rainy season it should be taken with Saindhava (Rock salt), in autumn with sugar, in early winter with Shunthi, in late winter with Pippali, in spring season with honey and in summer season it should be taken with Guda (Jaggery).           
Isabgol
Plantago ovata

Recent study shows that use in high fiber breakfast cereals containing Isabgol are effective in reducing cholesterol. Research also indicates that Isabgol incorporated into food products is more effective at reducing blood glucose response than use of a soluble fiber supplement that is separate from the food. A double-blind trial reported that Isabgol, an herb high in fiber, reduces the pain and bleeding associated with hemorrhoids. Chronic constipation was improved by Isabgol, Rehydration of children with acute diarrheal diseases was faster than WHO-ORS (5.3 hr, n=117), with 50gm/liter of Isabgol powder and 3.5 gm/liter NaCl (4.9 hr, n=121). (Pubmed - Arias 1997)

Jaiphal
Myristica fragrance
Jaiphal is recommended in all digestive disturbances and liver disorders. It has calming effect of brain and thus works well in seizure disorders. Jaiphal nourishes the vocal cords and improves the quality of voice. It alleviates bad breath and benefits a lot in dental problems specially involving the gums. 
 Jamun Seeds
Syzygium cumini
Jamun seeds are often recommended in diabetes mellitus. It possesses protective property for heart, circulatory system and liver. Jamun seeds alleviate tiredness and fatigue which makes these very beneficial in complications of diabetes. It is also beneficial in soreness of throat. 
Jatamansi
Nardostachys jatamansi
Ethanol extract of the roots of Nardostachys jatamansi DC. (Valerianaceae) was studied for its anti-convulsant activity and neuro-toxicity, alone and in rats. The results demonstrated a significant increase in the seizure threshold by Nardostachys jatamansi root extract against maximal electroshock seizure (MES) model as indicated by a decrease in the extension/ flexion (E/F) ratio. However, the extract was ineffective against pentylenetetrazole (PTZ)-induced seizures.             
Jeera
Cuminum cyminum
Jeera is an important ingredient of Indian spices. It corrects the working of digestive system in all aspects. It is specially recommended for all the health issues which a woman faces after giving birth to a baby. It improves the lactation so often recommended in condition of low milks secretion. Jeera also possesses anti diabetic, anti hyperlipidemic and contraceptive properties. 
Jivanti 
Leptadenia reticulata
Jivanti is named so because it nourishes the whole body and increases vitality of body. It specially nourishes the reproductive organs, eyes and liver. Jivanti also corrects the working of the digestive system. It is often recommended in low nutritive state and low immunity conditions. 
Jyotishmati 
Celastrus panniculatus
Here Jyoti means enlightening and Mati means the brain/ psycho. So an herb which enlightens the psychic part a fellow is named as Jyotishmati. It nourishes the brain and improves cognitive abilities of a fellow. Jyotishmati promotes natural sleep, benefits in gynecological problems and all Vata diseases like facial paralysis, sciatica and osteoarthritis. 
Kalonji 
Nigella sativa
As per Islamic literature; “Accept the seeds of Kalonji for yourself because it has powerful remedy for each & every disease except death.” so much is the importance of Kalonji in health maintenance. Kalonji is useful in painful menstrual bleeding and after delivery. It cleanses the uterus; improves lactation; and regularize the menstrual cycle. Kalonji possesses anti cancerous properties. It is an important source of poly unsaturated fats which makes it a useful remedy for heart problems.
Kalmegh
Andrographis paniculata 

Kalmegh is reported to possess antihepatotoxic, antibiotic, antimalarial, antihepatitic, antithrombogenic, anti-inflammatory, anti-snake venom, and antipyretic properties, besides its general use as an immunostimulant agent. Study  at Bastyr University, confirms the anti-HIV activity of andrographolide. Clinical studies in China found that Kalmegh prevents the formation of blood clots and that use of the herb prevents restenosis, or "reclogging," of arteries after angioplasty. Extracts from Kalmegh leaves are cytotoxic against cancer cells. Japanese researchers have reported that Kalmegh stops stomach cancer cells from multiplying. Other studies have found positive results with skin cancer, prostate and breast cancer cells, and non-Hodgkin's lymphomas. 

Kanchanar
Bauhinia variegata
Kanchanar possesses anti tumor property; it is specially recommended in extra growths in thyroid gland. It supports the digestive system and works well in anal prolapsed. Kanchanar is often recommended for skin diseases. It also benefits in excessive bleeding during menstrual cycle.
Kantakari
Solanum surratense
When alcohol extract of Kantakari was given to Diabetic rats, it showed significant reduction in the glycogen content and in the activities of glucose metabolizing enzymes such as glucokinase, glucose 6-phosphate dehydrogenase and an elevation in the activities of gluconeogeneic enzymes such as glucose-6-phosphatase and fructose-1, 6-bisphosphatase.         
Karela
Momordica charantia 

Studies confirmed that various species of Karela have anti-malarial activity. Compounds in Karela might be effective for treating HIV infection. Karela helps to prevent or counteract type-II diabetes. A recent scientific study at the Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and  Research,  India, has proved that bitter melon increases insulin sensitivity. Other effects of Karela include analgesic activity  anti-inflammatory actions, and treatment for GI ailments, such as gas, ulcer, digestion, constipation, dysentery, andhemorrhoids. The plant has also been used for skin diseases (e.g., boils, burns, infections, scabies, psoriasis), and for its hypotensive action. 

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Karkatshringi
Pistacia integerrima 

According to Vangasens Samhita Karkatshringi churna and radish powder should be taken with honey and ghruta to manage all kinds of respiratory distress in infants. KarkatShringi is useful in management of respiratory distress. KarkatShringi is useful in condition where there is nauseatic feeling. KarkatShringi alleviates anorexia. KarkatShringi is useful in management of all types of cough. Karkatshringi is useful in condition of emaciation and under-nutrition.  Karkatshringi is useful in fever

Kasani
Chicorium intybus

Kasani is well known for its toxicity to internal parasites. Kasani inhibits  allergic reactions in vivo and in vitro. Inulin decreases serum triglycerides. Kasani has been found to inhibit prostaglandin E (2) and cyclooxygenase 2 (COX-2). Antineoplastic effects: Kasani derived beta (2-1) fructans have been shown to exert cancer protective effects in animal models. One animal study concluded dietary inulin-type fructans extracted from Kasaniroot  may play a role in the management of obesity and diabetes through their capacity to promote secretion of endogenous gastrointestinal peptides involved in appetite regulation. 

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Krauncha
Mucuna
pruriata
Krauncha improves all the signs and symptoms of parkinsonism. Bradykinesia responds first followed by rigidity and tremors. Improvement of these primary neurological symptoms is accompanied by similar improvement in overall functional ability. Secondary motor symptoms such as disturbance in posture, gait, associated movements, facial expression, speech, handwriting, swallowing and respiration are also prominently improved.    
Kushth
Saussurea lappa
Kushth nourishes the whole body especially the reproductive organs. It improves the quality and no. of sperms in semen. In females it is useful in Dysmenorrhea and after giving birth to a baby specially to improve lactation. Kushth also nourishes the skin and recommended in different skin diseases. For a healthy long life a fellow should take Kushth powder with honey and Ghruta in routine.
Kutaja
Holarrhena antidysenterica
For therapeutic vommiting in patients with weak physical and psychological set up and diseased by bleeding tendency, heart or skin disease; Kutaja is the best. H. antidysenterica is found useful in curing Chronic Diarrhea, Amoebic Dysentery, Intestinal & extra-intestinal amoebiasis Bacillary Dysentery, Irritable Bowel Syndrome, Tropical Spru.      
Kutaki
Picrorhiza
 kurroa
A series of cases of acute viral hepatitis in India were reportedly treated successfully by a combination of picrorhiza with a variety of minerals. A number of similar reports have appeared in Indian literature over the years. No double-blind clinical trials have yet been published, however. Two preliminary trials suggest that picrorhiza may improve breathing in asthma patients and reduce the severity of asthma.   
Lavang
Syzygium aromaticum
Being an important ingredient of Indian spices; Lavang corrects the digestive system in all aspects. It nourishes the eyes, alleviates cough and respiratory distress. Lavang is often recommended in dental problems. Lavang is also a proven aphrodisiac.
Lodhra 
Symplocos racemosa
Lodhra is among the best useful Ayurveda herbs for females. It recommended in all gynecological problems especially in frequent abortion. Lodhra nourishes the skin and is especially useful in acne, wrinkles and other skin issues. Lodhra also corrects the digestive system. It also possesses proven Anti diabetic and liver protective properties. 
Mango Seeds 
Mangifera indica
Mango seeds possess astringent effect which makes it very useful in excessive urination, diarrhea, diabetes and gynecological problems especially excessive bleeding during menstrual cycle. It nourishes the cardiac muscles and skin; and improves the complexion of skin. Researchers have proven anti oxidant, anti inflammatory, nerve relaxant and immunomodulatory properties. 
Manjistha
Rubia
cordifolia
Rubia cordifolia is clinically used for the purification of blood by the physicians of the Indian System of Medicine. For the first time, the effect of the partially purified fraction of this whole plant has been studied on rabbit platelets. It inhibits the platelet aggregation induced by PAF (platelet activating factor) but not thrombin. It also inhibits the binding of 3H-PAF to the platelets in the dose-dependent manner.           
Majuphal
Quercus infectoria
Majuphal is specially recommended in gynecological problems especially excessive bleeding during menstrual cycle, extra growths in female reproductive organs, uterine and anal prolapsed. It is also a supporting herb for the digestive system. Majuphal also possesses proven anti bacterial, wound healing and cytotoxic properties. 
 Maricha
 Piper nigrum
 Pepper is prescribed for such illnesses as constipation, diarrhea, earache, gangrene, heart disease, hernia, hoarseness, indigestion, insect bites, insomnia, joint pain, liver problems, lung disease, oral abscesses, sunburn, tooth decay, and toothaches.
Methi
Trigonella foenum graecum  

Fenugreek seeds are galactagogue that is often used to increase milk supply in lactating women. Adjunct use of fenugreek seeds improves glycemic control and decreases insulin resistance in mild type-2 diabetic patients. There is also a favourable effect on hypertriglyceridemia. In this study, the effect of chronic restraint stressed mice skin treated with trichloroethylene (TCE) (200 µL of 80% v/v) and subsequently exposed to UVB (0.42 J/m2/s) has been evaluated. The inflammatory and oxidative damage so caused were restored by application of Trigonella foenum graecum.

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Musali (Kali)
Curculigo orchioides 

Kali Musali rejuvenates the genital system so when a fellow is taking Kali Musali; he can enjoy his sexual life like a young fellow even in old age. Kali Musali nourishes the body and increases the bulk of body. Kali Musali nourishes each and every cell of the body. Kali Musali is usefull in hemorrhoids. Besides this Kali Musali is a Proven anti asthmatic herb, Prevents osteo-porosis and Usefull in hemorrhoids

Musali (Safed)
Chlorophytum borivilianum 

Safed musli is a very popular aphrodisiac agent, with no side effects. It is often prescribed for enhancing male potency and overcoming signs of fatigue. It is particularly used for individuals with low sperm count and low libido. It is also regarded as an energy booster in asthmatic conditions. Tubers are also used to strengthen the general immune system of the body. Safed musli proves useful as a nutritive tonic for both the mother and the fetus, during pregnancy. It improves the quantity and flow of breast milk, in feeding mothers. 

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Nagarmotha
Cyperus rotundus 
Nagarmotha works on the metabolism and benefits a lot in expelling the toxins out of the body. It is especially useful for losing extra weight and maintaining it in healthy limits. It also promotes proper healing of wounds. Nagarmotha calms downs the agitated mind so it is also of great use in convulsions and seizure disorders. 
Nagkeshar
Mesua
ferrea
Nagkeshar is useful in management of chronic fever, itching, excessive thirst, sweating, nausea, vomiting and skin and urinary diseases. In bleeding piles Nagkeshar should be taken with fresh butter and sugar.     
Neem
Azadirachta indica 

National Research Council (NRC), Washington,USA, has released a report with title as “Neem: Tree for Solving Global Problems.” The NRC Panel considers the Neem to be “one of the most promising of all plants and the fact that it may eventually benefit every person on this planet. Probably no other plant yields as many strange and varied products or has as many exploitable by-products. Neem possesses analgesic activity. Neem extracts possess anti-diabetic, antibacterial and anti-viral properties. The tree stem, root and bark possess astringent, tonic and anti-periodic properties. The bark is beneficial in malarial fever and useful in cutaneous diseases. It is used for external applications in skin diseases. It possesses antidandruff, antibacterial, anti viral and fungicidal properties.

Nirgundi
Vitex nigundo 

When Ghruta treated with Nirgundi is taken in routine it is said that even an emaciated body becomes disease free and glowing. In sinus and non healing wound Sesame oil treated with Nirgundi should be taken orally and as nasal drops and massage. In any type of pain in back juice of Nirgundi should be taken. Nirgundi improves memory Nirgundi rejuvenates hair. Nirgundi is highly beneficial for eye sight. Nirgundi is useful in all conditions causing pain and edema in body. Nirgundi is recommended in worm infestation and all infectious conditions. Nirgundi is useful in management of excessive bleeding during menstruation

Nishoth
Operculina turpethum
Nishotha is very useful in constipated bowel. It works as a comfortable laxative. Nishotha stimulates the liver for better secretion of bile juices. Through it expels out the unwanted fluids from the body. Nishotha is also a good anti oxidant, anti inflammatory and anti diabetic herb.
 Palash
Butea monosperma
Palash rejuvenates the digestive system and corrects its functioning in all aspects. It is recommended in liver and spleen disorders. Palash benefits in gynecological problems especially excessive bleeding during menstrual cycle. Researchers have proven that Palash possesses anti bacterial, anti oxidant, anti diabetic and liver protecting properties. 
Patharchur 
Bergenia ligulata
Patharchur means which crushes the stones; it is because of its usefulness in kidney stones for therapeutic as well as for preventive use. Besides this it also works well in all other urinary problems and gynecological issues. Patharchur also benefits in hemorrhoids. It also possesses anti bacterial, anti inflammatory, anti microbial and liver protecting properties. 
 Patol Patra
Trichosanthes dioica
Patola Patra are specially recommended to strengthen and correct the liver functions. It nourishes the digestive system and improves complexion of skin.  Patola Patra also works as a soft laxative. It purifies the blood and possesses anti oxidant, anti inflammatory, cholesterol lowering and mental relaxant properties. 
Pippali
Piper
longum
Taking Pippali powder with castor oil and cow urine is very effective in management of neurralgic conditions specially the Sciatica. Here in Ayurveda a formulation of Pippali named Pippalivardhaman rasayana is mentioned in which Pippali powder is taken in regularly increasing dose. This Rasayana is very effective in management of Splenomegaly (Enlargement of spleen)
Punarnava
Boerhavia diffusa
Useful in edematous conditions as it corrects the functioning of the kidneys and healthy kidneys can expel the unnecessary fluid out of the body very effectively It also Restores the vigor and vitality of youth delaying the signs of old age                      
Pushkarmool
Inula
racemosa
Inula racemosa root powder was investigated in patients with proven ischaemic heart disease. The powder prevented ST-segment depression and T-wave inversion as observed in the post-exercise electrocardiogram. This indicates that one of the constituents of Inula racemosa may have adrenergic beta-blocking activity. Inula racemosa exhibits antiperoxidative, hypoglycaemic and cortisol lowering activities, it is suggested that its extracts may potentially regulate diabetes mellitus.          
Putrajivak
Putrajiva roxburghii
Putrajivak is recommended in male and female infertility. It is useful for carrying a healthy pregnancy and ensures proper development of fetus. Putrajivak benefits a lot in health issues related with pregnancy especially edema of feet and fluid retention in body. Putrajivak also nourishes the eyes and possesses anti cancerous properties. 
Rasna
Pluchea lanceolata
Charaka considered it as the best medicament for pacifying Vata, the sensory and the motor regulator of the body. It is warm in nature, because of it body mask of Rasna along with Aguru (Aquilaria agallocha) is very useful in conditions resulting from long stay in cold.     
Rasona
Allium
sativum
Garlic is claimed to help prevent heart diseases including atherosclerosis, high cholesterol, hypertension and blockage in arteries. Study showed that supplementation with garlic extract inhibits vascular calcification in human patients with high blood cholesterol.         
Ritha
Sapindus trifoliatus
Ritha is a very good cleanser for hairs; it nourishes and revitalizes hairs as well as skin. It calms down the restless mind so often recommended in psychiatric problems. It should be taken with caution as it might induce abortion so you should internal use of Ritha if you are pregnant or planning for a baby. Ritha also scraps out the unwanted fats from the body and possesses anti oxidant property. 
Rudanti
Capparis moonii
Rudantihas been extensively used to get relief from asthma and cough. The antitussive effect of Rudanti    is significantly greater in higher concentration and the prototype antitussive agent codeine phosphate. It exhibited significant anti tussive activity as that of codeine phosphate, when compared with control in a dose dependent manner in sulfur dioxide gas induced cough model. The extract at 100, 200 and 400 mg/kg, p.o. showed inhibition of cough by 22.1, 34.35 and 55.44 % within 90 min of performing the experiment.
Sadabahar
Vinca rosea
Vinca rosea is native to the Caribbean Basin and has historically been used to treat a wide assortment of diseases. European herbalists used the plant for conditions as varied as headache to a folk remedy for diabetes. 
Saptarangi
Salacia chinensis

Saptarangiis useful in management of metabolic disorders like Diabetes mellitus.Saptarangi is useful in diseases of liver. Saptarangi is useful in all gynecological problems involving excessive menstrual bleeding.  Saptarangialleviates the pain and discomfort associated with menstrual bleeding.

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Sanay
Cassia angustifolia

Sanayis useful in impacted fecal matter in the rectum.  Sanay is useful in loss of appetite. Sanay is useful in all condition involving inflammation and enlargement of liver and spleen. Sanay is useful in indigestion and disturbed digestive system. Sanay is useful in all conditions which involve yellowish pigmentation of the skin e.g. Jaundice. Sanay is useful in condition of low nutrition status of the body e.g. Anemia.

 Sarpagandha
Rauwolfia serpentina
Sarpagandha is specially recommended for regulation of blood pressure. It works on psychic part of body and calms it down; this makes Sarpagandha an important herb for psychological disturbances. Sarpagandha is also useful in painful conditions. Sarpagandha should be used with caution in bronchial asthma, ulcerative colitis, renal impairment, pain of Pitta origin and severe debility. In higher doses, Sarpagandha shows untoward effects like depression, diarrhea, depressed libido etc.
Saunf 
Foeniculum vulgare
Saunf is very useful for disturbed digestive system. It nourishes the whole body especially the reproductive organs. Saunf cleanses the mammary glands and improves lactation. Because of its nourishing property; Saunf is recommended in conditions of physical weakness and low nutritive status. Saunf also nourishes and rejuvenates eyes. 
Shallaki
Boswelia
serrata
Research has identified specific active anti-inflammatory ingredients in Shallaki, which are commonly referred to as boswellic acids. In animal studies, these acids have been shown to significantly reduce inflammation in several ways. They deter inflammatory white cells from infiltrating damaged tissue. They improve blood flow to the joints. And they also block chemical reactions that set the stage for inflammation to occur in chronic intestinal disorders such as Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis.  
Shalparni
Desmodium gangeticum
Shalparni is the best Ayurveda herb to pacify al the three Doshas and with aphrodisiac property. Shalparni possesses anti asthmatic anti oxidant properties. It nourishes the respiratory system. It also helps in removal of unwanted fluids from the body. Shalparni is proven for anti oxidant, anti inflammatory, analgesic and mental relaxant properties. 
Shankhapushpi
Convolvulus pluricaulis
According to pharmaceutical study Shankhapushpi acts strongly on some of the liver enzymes and helps in improving symptoms of hyperthyroidism. Its astringency is useful for stopping bleeding in the intestines, urinary and reproductive system.  Its affinity for the deeper tissues and shukra Dhatu is used to promote fertility in men and women.(Bhava Prakasha Nighantu) 
Sharpunkha
Tephrosia purpurea 
Sharpunkha is the drug of choice for all liver and spleen disorders. It improves the working of digestive system and liver. Sharpunkha also nourishes the respiratory and urinary system. It has proven anti inflammatory, anti cancerous, anti spasmodic, anti diabetic and anti hyperlipidemic properties. 
Shatavari
Asparagus racemosus
Oral administration of powdered dried root of Shatavari has been found to promote gastric emptying in healthy volunteers. Its action is reported to be comparable with that of the synthetic dopamine antagonist metoclopromide. The juice of fresh root of A. racemosus has been shown to have definite curative effect in patients of duodenal ulcers.   
Shikakai
Acacia conciana
Shikakai is one of the best hair nourishing Ayurveda herbs. It is specially used for hair cleaning and strengthening the hairs from their roots. It supports the liver and stimulates proper secretion of bile juices. Shikakai also possesses anti fungal, anti cancerous and immune supporting properties. It should be taken cautiously internally it you are planning for a baby as it possesses contraceptive property.
Shilajit
--- 

Shilajitis one of the wonder medicines of Ayurveda. Neither a plant nor animal substance, it is a mineral pitch that oozes from the rocks of theHimalayas, as they become warm in the summer months. Shilajit carries the healing power of these great mountains. Shilajit is an important drug of the ancient Hindu material medica and is to this day used extensively by the Ayurvedic physicians for a variety of diseases. Early Ayurvedic writings from the Charaka Samhita and Susruta Samhita describe Shilajit as a cure for all disease as well as a Rasayana (rejuvenative) able to increasing longevity from 100 to 1000 years of age

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Shirisha
Albizzia
lebbeck
Shirisha is the best plant amongst all those useful in management of toxicities. In snake bite Nasya (Giving medicine through nasal route) and Anjana (A medicated eye cleanse) of white pepper treated with juice of Shirisha flowers for one week is of great use.    
Shunthi
Zingiber officinale
The characteristic odor and flavor of ginger root is caused by a mixture of zingerone, shoagoles and gingerols, volatile oils. The gingerols increase the motility of the gastrointestinal tract and have analgesic, sedative, antipyretic and antibacterial properties. Ginger has been found effective by multiple studies for treating nausea caused by seasickness, morning sickness and chemotherapy.     
Talmakhana
Astracantha longifolia

Talmakhanais useful in breaking and expulsion of Kidney stones. Talmakhana nourishes the genital system properly so when an old person is taking Talmakhana; he can enjoy his sexual life like a young fellow. Talmakhana enhances strength of body. Talmakhana nourishes each and every cell of the body so it is useful in emaciation and under nutrition conditions. According to Sushruta Samhita; if a person takes Talmakhana Powder and Krauncha Powder mixed with the honey with fresh milk; he will never suffer from any type of weakness.

Tej Patra
Cinnamomum tamala
Tej Patra nourishes the whole digestive system properly this is the reason it is an important ingredient in Indian spices. It corrects the basic metabolism of a fellow which makes it an important anti diabetic Ayurveda herb. Tej Patra also possesses anti hyperlipidemic property. It is also beneficial in ano rectal diseases especially the hemorrhoids. 
Tulasi
Ocimum sanctum
Preliminary research suggests that Tulasi has anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, and in the case of Holy basil oil, antibacterial capabilities. In Indian studies mostly done on animals, this Ayurvedic botanical was shown to help reduce the effects of chronic stress, promote wound healing, lower blood sugar levels in type 2 diabetes, slow age-related memory impairment and lower cholesterol.
Ushir
Vetiveria zizanioidis 
Ushira is the best Ayurveda herb to pacify the Pitta Dosha and alleviate burning from the body. It works well in digestive disturbances like nausea and vomiting. Ushira is also useful in stupor and altered consciousness. Ushira helps in bleeding disorders like epistaxis, bleeding diarrhea and excessive bleeding during menstrual cycle. 
Vacha 
Acorus calamus
Vacha improves speaking ability and quality of voice i.e. why it is named so. It is a good nervine tonic and works well in psychological problems. Vacha corrects the digestive system and possesses anti hyperlipidemic property. It is also useful in all diseases of mouth like ulcers, bad breath etc. 
Vanshlochana
Bambusa arundinacea

Vanshalochan have been used in Indian folk medicine to treat various inflammatory conditions. The plant has antiulcer activity also. It is thought that these two properties in the same extract are very much useful in the treatment of inflammatory conditions. It is well known fact that the most of the available antiinflammatory drugs are ulcerogenic. The antiinflammatory effect of the methanol extract of the leaves of Bambusa arundinacea against carrageenin-induced as well as immunologically induced paw oedema and also its antiulcer activity in albino rats have been studied and found to be significant when compared to the standard drugs.

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Varun
Crataeva nurvala 
Varuna is especially useful in health issues involving the urinary system like kidney stones, painful urination, UTI etc. It also corrects the digestive system. For prostate enlargement Varuna is recommended as therapeutic herb as well as a preventive measure. It nourishes the liver and also possesses contraceptive properties.
Vasaka
Adhatoda
vasica
Adhatoda vasica is useful in treating bronchitis, tuberculosis and other lung and bronchiole disorders. A decoction of the leaves may be used to help with cough and other symptoms of colds. The soothing action helps irritation in the throat and the expectorant will help loosen phlegm deposits in the airway
Vidanga
Embelia
ribes
Its anti-oestrogenic effect has been suggested experimentally, so it is advised to be used as oral contraceptive. Studies also support its traditional anti infectious action. It is used mainly in helminthiasis, and anti fungal agent in ringworm, and in other chronic dermatitis. It is also given, boiled in milk, to infants as a digestive and against recurrent upper respiratory infections.
Vidari Kand
Pueraria tuberose
Vidari Kand is among the best nutritive Ayurveda herbs. It specially nourishes the reproductive organs and maintains vigor and vitality even in old age. It improves lactation and works as a good contraceptive herb. Vidari also nourishes the vocal cords – thus improves the quality of voice and the urinary system.
Vidharamool
Argyreia speciosa 

Vidhara is a potent medicinal plant in the Indian systems of medicine. It is used as an antibacterial, antifungal, antipyretic, etc. Vidhara mool rejuvenates each and every cell of the body. Vidhara mool is a good aphrodisiac. Vidhara mool is useful in all rheumatic conditions like rheumatoid arthritis etc. Vidhara mool is useful in hemorrhoids. Vidhara mool is useful in all urinary problems; passage of sugar with urine for example. Vidhara mool nourishes the brain tissues. Vidhara mool imparts a glowing and healthy look to the body

Vijaysar
Pterocarpus marsupium 

According to Sushruta Samhita Vijaysar and Khadira are the best herb to alleviate all the skin diseases. Vijaysar rejuvenates each and every cell of the body. Vijaysar  rejuvenates and revitalizes hairs.  Vijaysar purifies the blood.  Vijaysar is very useful in diseases which originate from external causes like infection, worm infestation etc. Vijaysar is useful in all diseases which involve discoloration of urine including diabetes. Vijaysar removes unwanted fat from the body. 

Yashtimadhu
Glycyrrhiza glabra
Yashtimadhu possess potent demulcent, expectorant and anti-inflammatory properties, attributed to the presence of glycyrrhizin, which is about 50 times sweeter than sucrose. Besides these, glyrrhizin is also credited with anti-hepatotoxic, anti-viral and anti-bacterial activities. The drug is also beneficial to peptic ulcer.   


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