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Karkatshringi: Pistacia integerrima

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Karkatshringi Powder 2 oz
7.25US$

Karkatshringi Powder 4 oz
12.35US$

Karkatshringi Powder 1/2 Lb
20.95US$

Karkatshringi Powder 1 Lb
35.65US$

Karkatshringi Capsules 60capsules
18.85US$

Useful in management of respiratory distress
Alleviates anorexia
Useful in condition of emaciation and under-nutrition
Useful in management of all types of cough
An alterative, expectorant, carminative and soothes irritability of the respiratory tract

Common Name:
Crab's claw

Sanskrit Name:

  • Kakrashringi: As the useful part of the plant is horn like structure of plant namely Karkata
  • Kulirvishanika: As is looks like the claw of crab
  • Ajashringi: Because of its similarity with the horn of goat
  • Vakra: Twisted

Lt. Name:
Pistacia integerrima – Anacardiaceae

Bio energetics:

  • Rasa (Taste) – Kashaya (Astringent); Tikta (Bitter)
  • Guna (Characteristics) - Laghu (Light), Ruksha (Rough or un-unctuous)
  • Veerya (Potency) – Ushna (Hot)
  • Vipaka (Post digestion effect) – Katu (Pungent)

Chemical composition of Karkatshringi Powder:

Pistacia integerrima contains essential oil 1.21%; crystalline hydrocarbon 3.4%; tannin substance 60.0%; and gum mastic 5.0%. The essential oil is of a pale greenish – yellow color with turpentine like taste and odor. The specific gravity of the oil is 0.885 at 15­­­­­­­­­­­­­0 C. The crystalline principle obtained is insoluble in water, soluble in nearly all the organic solvents; is tasteless and has a sharp melting point of 1460C. The tannins are of a yellowish crystalline appearance.

Effect of Karkatshringi Powder on Tridoshas:

Pistacia integerrima pacifies Kapha and Vata. So it can be used effectively in management of diseases which are of Kapha or Vata origin or of both.

Home Remedial Uses of Karkatshringi Powder in Ayurveda:

  • Shwashara: Pistacia integerrima Powder possesses expectorant property, nourishes the respiratory system it is one of the best Ayurveda supplement for asthma and other respiratory problems.
  • Vami Haret: Pistacia integerrima Powder is specially useful in making the movements of all the digestive juice in favorable direction which is from up to down; this characteristic of Pistacia integerrima makes it an important dietary supplement for nausea and vomiting.
  • Aruchi Haret: As said above Pistacia integerrima Powder possesses hot potency which is favorable for the digestive system. Ayurveda clearly mentions that loss of appetite and loss of interest in eating are the resultant disturbed digestive system. Pistacia integerrima is a natural remedy for loss of appetite.
  • Kasahara: As said above Pistacia integerrima Powder is one of the best Ayurveda herbs for respiratory system; it is a natural remedy for cough.
  • Kshayahara: It is the nutritive nature of Pistacia integerrima Powder which makes it a useful herb in condition of emaciation and under-nutrition
  • Jwarahara: Pistacia integerrima Powder is useful in all the diseases disturbing a human being physically or psychologically.

Research done on Karkatshringi Powder:

  • Pistacia integerrima is an alterative, expectorant, carminative and soothes irritability of the respiratory tract. It is known to help in cough, asthma and anorexia. It gives strength to mucus membrane.
  • Steam distilled oil derived from the galls of Pistacia integerrima was analyzed by chromatographic and spectral techniques. The oil was found rich in pinene (21.8%), pinene (16.2%), phellandrene (15.5%) and carene (11.1%). The other main constituents characterized were phellandrene, terpenene and terpineol as well as and ocemene. This biological study reveals that the oil possesses CNS-depressant activity.
    • Essential Oils of Pistacia integerrima Galls and Their Effect on the Central Nervous System Authors: S. H. Ansari; M. Ali; J. S. Qadry Faculty of Pharmacy, Jamia Hamdard Hamdard Nagar, New Delhi, India
  • A study was conducted in the animal house of the Quaid-i-Azam University,Islamabad in the year 2000. This study indicates that a mixture of Berberis lycium, Galium aparine and Pistacia integerrima have hepatoprotective effects. These medicinal plants have more effect as curative agents rather than preventive agents.
    • Hepatoprotective effects of Berberis lycium, Galium aparine and Pistacia integerrima in Carbon tetrachloride (ccl4)-treated rats Muhammad Aman Khan, Jehanzeb, Shafiullah, Salman A Malik, Muhammad Shafi. J Postgrad Med Inst Apr - Jun 2008; 22(2):91-4. Lady ReadingHospitalPeshawar
  • Karkatshringi leaves extracts showed significant response against chemically induced pain (P < 0.001) whereas galls extracts had highly significant protection (P < 0.0001) in a dose dependent manner. In thermally induced algesia, Karkat Shringi galls extracts 200 mg/kg (p.o.), showed significant (P < 0.05) response but less than pentazocine and diclofenac, positive references. The extracts of Pistacia integerrima 50–200 mg/kg (p.o.) had modest activity against hind paw acute and chronic inflammation induced by formalin (P < 0.01). These results demonstrate that Pistacia integerrima extracts have antinociceptive and analgesic effects and no apparent acute toxicity on oral administration.
    • Analgesic and anti-inflammatory effects of Pistacia integerrima extracts in mice Naseem Saud Ahmad, Akbar Waheed, Aisha Qayyum, Muhammad Farman

Useful part of Karkatshringi:

Gall

Doses of Karkatshringi:

Powder: 1-3 gm

Some combinations of Karkatshringi Powder in Ayurveda:

Shringyadi Churna, Karkatadi Churna, Balachaturbhadra

Best recommended use of Karkatshringi Powder in Ayurveda:

According to Vangasens Samhita Karkatshringi Churna and radish powder should be taken with honey and Ghrita to manage all kinds of respiratory distress in infants.


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