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Karkatshringi: Pistacia integerrima

Useful in management of respiratory distress
Alleviates anorexia
Useful in condition of emaciation and under-nutrition
Useful in management of all types of cough
An alterative, expectorant, carminative and soothes irritability of the respiratory tract

Common Name:
Crab's claw

Sanskrit Name:

  • Kakrashringi: As the useful part of the plant is horn like structure of plant namely Karkata
  • Kulirvishanika: As is looks like the claw of crab
  • Ajashringi: Because of its similarity with the horn of goat
  • Vakra: Twisted

Lt. Name:
Pistacia integerrima – Anacardiaceae

Bio energetics:

  • Rasa (Taste) – Kashaya (Astringent); Tikta (Bitter)
  • Guna (Characteristics) - Laghu (Light), Ruksha (Rough or un-unctuous)
  • Veerya (Potency) – Ushna (Hot)
  • Vipaka (Post digestion effect) – Katu (Pungent)

Chemical composition of Karkatshringi:
KarkatShringi contains essential oil 1.21%; crystalline hydrocarbon 3.4%; tannin substance 60.0%; and gum mastic 5.0%. The essential oil is of a pale greenish – yellow color with turpentine like taste and odor. The specific gravity of the oil is 0.885 at 15­­­­­­­­­­­­­0 C. The crystalline principle obtained is insoluble in water, soluble in nearly all the organic solvents; is tasteless and has a sharp melting point of 1460C. The tannins are of a yellowish crystalline appearance.

Effect of  Karkatshringi on Tridoshas:
KarkatShringi pacifies Kapha and Vata. So it can be used effectively in management of diseases which are of Kapha or Vata origin or of both.

Therapeutic Uses of Karkatshringi in Ayurveda:

  • Shwashara: KarkatShringi is useful in management of respiratory distress.
  • Vami Haret: KarkattShringi is useful in condition where there is nauseatic feeling.
  • Aruchi Haret: KarkatShringi alleviates anorexia.
  • Kasahara: KarkatShringi is useful in management of all types of cough.
  • Kshayahara: Karkatshringi is useful in condition of emaciation and under-nutrition
  • Jwarahara: Karkatshringi is useful in fever

Buy Karkatshringi

Karkatshringi Powder 2 oz

Karkatshringi Powder 4 oz

Karkatshringi Powder 1/2 Lb

Karkatshringi Powder 1 Lb

Karkatshringi Capsules 60capsules

Medicinal value of Karkatshringi:

  • Karkatshringi is an alterative, expectorant, carminative and soothes irritability of the respiratory tract. It is known to help in cough, asthma and anorexia. It gives strength to mucus membrane.
  • Steam distilled oil derived from the galls of Karkatshringi was analysed by chromatographic and spectral techniques. The oil was found rich in pinene (21.8%), pinene (16.2%), phellandrene (15.5%) and carene (11.1%). The other main constituents characterized were phellandrene, terpenene and terpineol as well as and ocemene. This biological study reveals that the oil possesses CNS-depressant activity.
    • Essential Oils of Pistacia integerrima Galls and Their Effect on the Central Nervous System Authors: S. H. Ansari; M. Ali; J. S. Qadry Faculty of Pharmacy, Jamia Hamdard Hamdard Nagar, New Delhi, India
  • A study was conducted in the animal house of the Quaid-i-Azam University,Islamabad in the year 2000. This study indicates that a mixture of Berberis lycium, Galium aparine and Karkatshringi have hepatoprotective effects. These medicinal plants have more effect as curative agents rather than preventive agents.
    • Hepatoprotective effects of Berberis lycium, Galium aparine and Pistacia integerrima in Carbon tetrachloride (ccl4)-treated rats Muhammad Aman Khan, Jehanzeb, Shafiullah, Salman A Malik, Muhammad Shafi. J Postgrad Med Inst Apr - Jun 2008; 22(2):91-4. Lady ReadingHospitalPeshawar
  • Karkatshringi leaves extracts showed significant response against chemically induced pain (P < 0.001) whereas galls extracts had highly significant protection (P < 0.0001) in a dose dependent manner. In thermally induced algesia, Karkat Shringi galls extracts 200 mg/kg (p.o.), showed significant (P < 0.05) response but less than pentazocine and diclofenac, positive references. The extracts of Karkatshringi 50–200 mg/kg (p.o.) had modest activity against hind paw acute and chronic inflammation induced by formalin (P < 0.01).  These results demonstrate that Karkatshringi extracts have antinociceptive and analgesic effects and no apparent acute toxicity on oral administration.
    • Analgesic and anti-inflammatory effects of Karkatshringi extracts in mice Naseem Saud Ahmad, Akbar Waheed, Aisha Qayyum, Muhammad Farman

Useful part of Karkatshringi:

Doses of Karkatshringi:
Powder: 1-3 gm 

Some combinations with Karkatshringi:
Shringyadi Churna, Karkatadi Churna, Balachaturbhadra

Some important notes about Karkatshringi:

According to Vangasens Samhita Karkatshringi Churna and radish powder should be taken with honey and Ghrita to manage all kinds of respiratory distress in infants.

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