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Maricha: Piper nigrum

Stimulates digestive fire

Highly recommended in conditions causing pain with respiration

Rejuvenates eye sight

Useful in conditions caused by infestation of disease causing agents; mainly the external ones

Common Name:
Black Pepper (Eng.)

Sanskrit Name:

  • Vellaja - Because of its resourcing from climber
  • Krushna - As its fruits are black in color
  • Ushana - Its taste is Ushna i.e. Pungent
  • Suvrutta - Because of the round shape of its fruits

Lt. Name:
Piper nigrum - Piperaceae

Bio Energetics:

  • Rasa (Taste) - Katu (Pungent)
  • Guna (Characteristics) - Laghu (Light); Tikshna (Sharp in action)
  • Veerya (Potency) - Ushna (Warm)
  • Vipaka (Post digestion effect) - Katu (Pungent)

All this is about dry fruits which are generally used in practice. Its fresh fruits are Guru (Heavy) in character, Madhura (Sweet) in taste and neither warm nor cool in potency.

Chemical composition of Maricha:

  • Maricha contains about 3% essential oil, whose aroma is dominated (max. 80%) by monoterpenes hydrocarbons: sabinene, β-pinene, limonene, furthermore terpinene, α-pinene, myrcene, Δ3-carene and monoterpene derivatives (borneol, carvone, carvacrol, 1,8-cineol, linalool). Sesquiterpenes make up about 20% of the essential oil: β-caryophyllene, humulene, β-bisabolone and caryophyllene oxide and ketone. Phenylether (eugenol, myristicin, safrole) are found in traces. Loss of monoterpenes due to bad storage conditions (especially for ground pepper) should be avoided.
  • The most important odorants organoleptically in Maricha are linalool, α-phellandrene, limonene, myrcene and α-pinene; furthermore, branched-chain aldehydes were found (3-methylbutanal, methylpropanal). The musty flavour of old pepper is attributed to the formation of heterocyclic compounds (2-isopropyl-3-methoxypyrazine, 2,3-diethyl-5-methylpyrazine) in concentrations of about 1ppb..(Eur. Food Res. Technol., 209, 16, 1999)
  • The pungent principle in pepper is an alkaloid-analog compound, piperine; it is the amide of 5-(2,4-dioxymethylene-phenyl)-hexa-2,4-dienoic acid (piperinic acid) with azinane (piperidine); only thetrans,trans conformer contributes to pepper’s pungency. Several piperine-analogs have been isolated from black pepper where the acid carbon backbone is partially hydrogenated (piperanine) or two carbon atoms longer (piperettine); amides of piperinic acid with pyrrolidine (piperyline) or isobutylamine (piperlongumine) have also been isolated. Total content of piperine-analogs in black pepper is about 5%.

Effect of  Maricha on Tridoshas:
Maricha pacifies Vata and Kapha Doshas i.e. useful in disturbances caused by the aggravation of Kapha and Vata because of it is highly recommended in loss of appetite. 

Therapeutic Uses of Maricha in Ayurveda:

  • Deepana - Maricha stimulates digestive fire
  • Swas shoola hara - Maricha is highly recommended in conditions causing pain with respiration
  • Krumi hara - Maricha is useful in conditions caused by infestation of disease causing agents; mainly the external ones
  • Avrushya - Decreases libido
  • Chakshushya - Maricha rejuvenates eye sight

Buy Maricha

Maricha Powder 2 oz

Maricha Powder 4 oz

Maricha Powder 1/2 Lb

Maricha Powder 1 Lb

Maricha Capsules 60capsules

Medicinal value of Maricha:

  • The 5th century Syriac Book of Medicines prescribes Maricha for such illnesses as constipation, diarrhea, earache, gangrene, heart disease, hernia, hoarseness, indigestion, insect bites, insomnia, joint pain, liver problems, lung disease, oral abscesses, sunburn, tooth decay, and toothaches.
  • Maricha is prescribed in dyspepsia, flatulence, diarrhea and as a febrifuge in intermittent fevers.  It is also indicated in viral hepatitis.

Interaction with Modern Medication:
The Piper nigrum extract significantly increases the analgesic activity of diclofenac sodium and pentazocine. – (S. Pooja, R. P. Agrawal, P. Nyati, V. Savita, P. Phadnis: Analgesic Activity Of Piper Nigrum Extract Per Se And Its Interaction With Diclofenac Sodium And Pentazocine In Albino Mice. The Internet Journal of Pharmacology. 2007. Volume 5 Number 1.)

    Useful part of Maricha:

    Fruits of Papaya

    Doses of Maricha:
    Powder of dry fruits - 1/2 -1 gm

    Some combinations with Maricha:
    Marichadi gutita, Marichadi tail, Marichadi churna,  Marichadya ghruta, Trikatu Powder

    Some important notes about Maricha:

    Powdered Maricha proves very effective in management of all types of cough when taken with Ghruta, Honey and sugar.

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