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Maricha: Piper nigrum

Buy Maricha

Maricha Powder 2 oz

Maricha Powder 4 oz

Maricha Powder 1/2 Lb

Maricha Powder 1 Lb

Maricha Capsules 60capsules

Stimulates digestive fire

Highly recommended in conditions causing pain with respiration

Rejuvenates eye sight

Useful in conditions caused by infestation of disease causing agents; mainly the external ones

Common Name:
Black Pepper (Eng.)

Sanskrit Name:

  • Vellaja - Because of its resourcing from climber
  • Krushna - As its fruits are black in color
  • Ushana - Its taste is Ushna i.e. Pungent
  • Suvrutta - Because of the round shape of its fruits

Lt. Name:
Piper nigrum - Piperaceae

Bio Energetics:

  • Rasa (Taste) - Katu (Pungent)
  • Guna (Characteristics) - Laghu (Light); Tikshna (Sharp in action)
  • Veerya (Potency) - Ushna (Warm)
  • Vipaka (Post digestion effect) - Katu (Pungent)

All this is about dry fruits which are generally used in practice. Its fresh fruits are Guru (Heavy) in character, Madhura (Sweet) in taste and neither warm nor cool in potency.

Chemical composition of Maricha Powder:

  • Black pepper powder contains about 3% essential oil, whose aroma is dominated (max. 80%) by monoterpenes hydrocarbons: sabinene, β-pinene, limonene, furthermore terpinene, α-pinene, myrcene, Δ3-carene and monoterpene derivatives (borneol, carvone, carvacrol, 1,8-cineol, linalool). Sesquiterpenes make up about 20% of the essential oil: β-caryophyllene, humulene, β-bisabolone and caryophyllene oxide and ketone. Phenylether (eugenol, myristicin, safrole) are found in traces. Loss of monoterpenes due to bad storage conditions (especially for ground pepper) should be avoided.
  • The most important odorants organoleptically in Black pepper powder are linalool, α-phellandrene, limonene, myrcene and α-pinene; furthermore, branched-chain aldehydes were found (3-methylbutanal, methylpropanal). The musty flavour of old pepper is attributed to the formation of heterocyclic compounds (2-isopropyl-3-methoxypyrazine, 2,3-diethyl-5-methylpyrazine) in concentrations of about 1 ppb..(Eur. Food Res. Technol., 209, 16, 1999)
  • The pungent principle in pepper is an alkaloid-analog compound, piperine; it is the amide of 5-(2,4-dioxymethylene-phenyl)-hexa-2,4-dienoic acid (piperinic acid) with azinane (piperidine); only thetrans,trans conformer contributes to pepper’s pungency. Several piperine-analogs have been isolated from black pepper where the acid carbon backbone is partially hydrogenated (piperanine) or two carbon atoms longer (piperettine); amides of piperinic acid with pyrrolidine (piperyline) or isobutylamine (piperlongumine) have also been isolated. Total content of piperine-analogs in black pepper is about 5%.

Effect of Maricha Powder on Tridoshas:

Black pepper powder pacifies Vata and Kapha Doshas i.e. useful in disturbances caused by the aggravation of Kapha and Vata because of it is highly recommended in loss of appetite.

Home Remedial Uses of Maricha Powder in Ayurveda:

  • Deepana - As said above Black pepper powder possesses Pungent taste; hot potency and sharpness in action; all of these are supportive for the fire component of the body. So it is an iportant Ayurveda herb to stimulate appetite and boost metabolism.
  • Swas shoola hara - As per Ayurveda; Black pepper powder possesses Pramathi Guna which means ability of an herb to expel out the deposited toxins from the body forcefully. This is also applicable to mucus deposited with in the respiratory system. In nut shell it is a recommended natural remedy for asthma and other respiratory problems.
  • Krumi hara - Black pepper powder is a good anti bacterial and anti microbial Ayurveda herb.
  • Avrushya - Ayurveda believes when used in excess; Black pepper powder will increase the fire content of body so much that it will start drying up the nutritional sap of body. It will also affect the libido of a fellow adversely.
  • Chakshushya - Black pepper powder nourishes and rejuvenates eye; a natural remedy to improve vision.

Health benefits of Maricha Powder:

  • The 5th century Syriac Book of Medicines prescribes Black pepper for such illnesses as constipation, diarrhea, earache, gangrene, heart disease, hernia, hoarseness, indigestion, insect bites, insomnia, joint pain, liver problems, lung disease, oral abscesses, sunburn, tooth decay, and toothaches.
  • Black pepper powder is prescribed in dyspepsia, flatulence, diarrhea and as a febrifuge in intermittent fevers. It is also indicated in viral hepatitis.

Interaction with Modern Medication:
The Piper nigrum extract significantly increases the analgesic activity of diclofenac sodium and pentazocine. – (S. Pooja, R. P. Agrawal, P. Nyati, V. Savita, P. Phadnis: Analgesic Activity Of Piper Nigrum Extract Per Se And Its Interaction With Diclofenac Sodium And Pentazocine In Albino Mice. The Internet Journal of Pharmacology. 2007. Volume 5 Number 1.)

Useful part of Maricha:



Fruits of Papaya

Doses of Maricha:

Powder of dry fruits - 1/2 -1 gm

Some combinations of Maricha Powder in Ayurveda:

Marichadi gutita, Marichadi tail, Marichadi churna, Marichadya ghruta, Trikatu Powder

Best Recommended Uses of Maricha Powder in Ayurveda:

Powdered Black pepper proves very effective in management of all types of cough when taken with Ghruta, Honey and sugar.

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